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        Showing posts with label dsb. Show all posts
        Showing posts with label dsb. Show all posts

        22 November 2019

        7550 New Bike Parking Spots at Copenhagen Central Station

        Copenhagenize Design Co. - Bike Parking at Central Station
        For all of Copenhagen's badassness as a bicycle city, there remains one thing that the City still completely sucks at. Bicycle parking at train stations. At Copenhagen Central Station there are only about 1000 bike parking spots. Danish State Railways can't even tell us how many spots they have. They're not sure.

        Even in Basel they have 800+. In Antwerp they have this. Don't even get me started on the Dutch. 12,500 bike parking spots are on the way in some place called Utrecht. Amsterdam has a multi-story bike parking facility, floating bicycle barges round the back and are planning 7000 more spots underwater.

        Even at the nation's busiest train station, N?rreport, the recent and fancy redesign failed miserably in providing parking that is adequate for the demand. Architects once again failing to respond to actual urban needs.

        It is time to remedy that. Here is my design for 7550 bike parking spots behind Copenhagen Central Station. Steve C. Montebello is the architect that I worked closely with.

        Copenhagenize Design Co. - Bike Parking at Central Station
        By exploiting the area over the train tracks and using Tietgens Bridge as the transport spine, we have created an iconic bicycle parking facility with ample parking spots at this important transport hub where trains, buses and - in 2019 - the Metro converge in an inter-modal transport orgy.

        In our work on the EU project BiTiBi.eu - Bike Train Bike - we have been focused on parking solutions at train stations. It was a natural evolution to use that experience in developing this project.
        Copenhagenize Design Co. - Bike Parking at Central Station
        The structure is supported by columns and utilises the existing platforms below, which dictated the shape that we decided upon.

        There are:
        - 6880 bike parking spots in double-decker racks. This can be expanded with 1360 more if necessary.
        - 30 dedicated cargo bike parking spots featuring.
        - 640 secure, indoor bike parking spots in the green roofed building at left (above).
        - A bike shop for repairs and maintenence.
        - Ticket machines and displays for departures and arrivals of trains and buses.
        - At the end of the long point, the belvedere will be the world's premiere, dedicated lookout spot design for trainspotters.

        Copenhagenize Design Co. - Bike Parking at Central Station
        Here is the view of the area as it is today.
        Copenhagenize Design Co. - Bike Parking at Central Station
        There are four on/off ramps from Tietgens Bridge for ease-of-access.
        Copenhagenize Design Co. - Bike Parking at Central Station
        A secure bicycle parking facility will house 640 bikes.
        Copenhagenize Design Co. - Bike Parking at Central Station
        We used 3D models of bike racks courtesy of our colleagues at the Dutch company Falco. They know a thing or two about bike racks.
        Copenhagenize Design Co. - Bike Parking at Central Station
        There will be a space for a bike shop for repairs and maintenence located at the entrance, next to ticket machines and displays featuring departures and arrivals for trains and buses.
        Copenhagenize Design Co. - Bike Parking at Central Station
        The parking with have signs with areas divided up alphabetically, so you can find your bike again.
        Copenhagenize Design Co. - Bike Parking at Central Station
        There is access to the three platforms below by stairs that will, of course, have bike ramps. Duh.

        This facility will right so many wrongs and will thrust Copenhagen into the 21st century regarding bicycle parking at train stations. If we are  to maintain the momentum of a blossoming bicycle-friendly city, we need to up our game regarding parking.

        14 November 2016

        Massive Passenger Increase After Bikes Allowed Free on Trains

        Bikes Allowed
        So what exactly happens when you're a major train operator and you suddenly make it free for passengers to take bikes on your trains? We know that some rail operators in various parts of the world would have you believe that chaos would ensue and that they would lose passengers. Numbers from Greater Copenhagen and Danish State Railways (DSB), however, seem to indicate that the opposite is true.

        The S-train network that serves Greater Copenhagen is arguably the most integral part of the public transport mix in the region. Buses, Metro and regional trains are vital parts of the network, but the red S-trains stretching out into Europe's third-largest urban sprawl are in many ways the backbone.

        The S-train network - with 2 Metro lines at bottom right.

        Bicycles were allowed on the trains for a fee, which was never prohibitive. Until 2010, that is. In that year, DSB announced that bicycles would be made free on all their trains. They announced it with pride and in style and launched a comprehensive awareness campaign with creative solutions.

        DSB made the decision based simply on a business case model. They figured that more passengers - both commuters and users travelling in their free time - would take the train with their bikes if it were free. Six years later... how's THAT working out for them?

        Copenhagen S-train Passenger Numbers
        'Rather well' would be an understatement. The number of passengers taking a bike on board rose from 2.1 million to 9 million. A total, whoppping passenger increase of 20%. And it continues to rise.

        The loss of income from ditching the bicycle ticket has been paid off several times over with the increased passenger numbers. It is estimated that almost 10% of passengers now take a bike with them.

        Indeed, when asked in a survey, 91% of passengers were positive about the possibility to take bikes on the trains. 27% of the cyclists on board responded that they wouldn't have travelled by train if they couldn't take their bike with them. 8% even said that they travel more by train now that it is free.

        In May 2009, before it was free, 188,000 bikes were taken on the S-Train network. A year later, after it was free, 630,000 bikes were taken on board. And that continued to rise.

        Copenhagen S-train capacity for bikes

        In order to meet the demand, DSB redesign the compartments on all their trains and created so-called Flex Zones with fold up seats and bike racks beneath each seat. They adjusted the seating on all trains, as seen in the graphic, above, and now every train has a capacity for 60 bicycles.

        The redesign also included a comprehensive reworking of pictograms and the implementation of a one-way system to ease conflicts when bikes are rolled on or off the train. The spacious bicycle compartments are located in the middle of the train set, since DSB research showed that the seating in the middle of the train was less popular with passengers.

        Parking Capacity at Danish train stations
        Providing more bicycle parking at stations, especially the main stations in the Capital Region, remains a challenge. Nationally, bike parking at train stations is at a high capacity and on this point, Denmark lags behind cities in the Netherlands. Although Dutch national rail operator NS prefers having customers travel without their bikes and therefore parking at stations is more of an issue for them.

        Nevertheless, Copenhagenize Design Co. has proposed 7550 bike parking spots behind Copenhagen Central Station with this design.

        These bike pumps are pretty much standard at #Copenhagen train stations now
        Continuing with their work to encourage bicycles on trains, DSB has toyed with the idea of putting bicycle pumps on board trains, but so far they have gone with bicycle foot pumps integrated with advertising facilities outside their stations.

        A pragmatic approach coupled with a cool, business decision has paid off for DSB. The bicycle should and must be integrated at every step of peoples daily lives if a city is to be truly bicycle-friendly.

        09 March 2014

        The Bike Share Bicycle Copenhagen ALMOST Had

        Taking Bike Sharing Literally

        UPDATE 10 OCT 2014
        The Copenhagen bike share bikes we talk about in this article have been on the streets for a few months now. The goal is that each bike is used 3 times a day - by local commuters. So far they are used 0.8 times a day - by tourists. Oops. Fail.

        These $10,000 shiny toys are already a tourist gimmick - like the originals in Copenhagen - and that does not encourage locals to use them. Locals never want to looks like tourists.

        Keep reading for more rationality.

        While La Rochelle, France can boast about having started the first proper bike share system in the mid-1970s, Copenhagen introduced the Bycyklen - City Bike - in 1995. Picture above and below, the bikes were cute gimmicks that lasted until late 2012. They worked on a shopping trolley system - put a 10 or 20 kroner coin in and get it back when you return it. The bikes were horrible to ride and it didn't take long for them to become tourist magnets. Most Copenhageners wouldn't touch them with a ten-foot pole.
        Free City Bike
        They were, however, visionary in their own quirky way and paved the cycle track for the systems that are now featured in 500 odd cities around the world. And as goofy as they were, I found myself missing them when they were gone.

        The City of Copenhagen started pondering the idea of getting a Next Generation bike share system back in 2009. We announced the launch of a bike share design competition here on the blog on September 1, 2009. On December 11, 2009, the winners of the competition were announced in Copenhagen. It was never the idea that the winning bike would become the actual bike share bike. The City was just keen to get all sorts of ideas in.

        The hype soon died out and time dragged on. New politicians showed up who were less bicycle-friendly and the new bike share system idea was down-prioritised.

        Then the idea got dusted off again and the Danish State Railways (DSB) started taking the lead. A bid went out for concrete proposals. Designs came in. A shortlist was settled upon. Finally, a design was selected. A new system is scheduled to hit the streets of Copenhagen in October 2013.

        There has been a lot of talk about taking bike share to Generation 3. Maintaining Copenhagen's role as an innovation powerhouse regarding bicycle culture. I have a filter about bold declarations from the City but I harboured a secret desire to see Copenhagen select a bicycle design for the new bike share that was something different and something that respected the historical aspects of our bicycle culture. A bicycle that was somehow traditional in its design and far removed from the plastic fantastic bike share systems in other cities. A design that rejects the goofy technological overcomplication our society is riddled with.

        Something that adhered to the principles of Danish Design. Simple, elegant, functional.

        There are now 650 cities around the world with bike share systems. The Dutch Railways have had the OV Fiets system at all train station for 10 years, which works brilliantly.

        So, what will we end up with?

        Here's the design from Go Bike.dk. Which just looks like a bicycle from UR Bikes, to me, but hey.

        It's a little, geeky, overcomplicated bundle of tech-solutions, including a tablet screen onto which you punch in your credit card info, as well as look up train times and even gps-based routes to restaurants, cinemas, etc.

        First thoughts?
        - Do we really want people unfamiliar to cycling in our city staring at a screen as they ride around?
        - The tires are solid rubber! 650 bike share systems in the world and we get the one with solid rubber tires - in a city of cobblestones. Unbelievable.
        - There's a motor. E-bikes are the new scooters. We don't need more scooters. Sending people unfamiliar with e-bikes into a densely-populated city filled with bicycles is just stupid. Read more about the big grain of salt we need for e-bikes here on the blog in the E-Bike Sceptic article.
        - The price for most bike share bikes in the world is about $800. These bikes are about $10,000 each. Seriously.
        - Testing a wacky, overcomplicated system in a city where everyone owns bikes is not a clever way to play with taxpayers money.
        - It's not even free. It costs 20 kroner per hour (about $4.00) (25 kroner if you turn on the e-motor (about $5.00)). You can rent a bicycle for 6 hours at Baisikeli for 60 kroner.
        - Whoever came up with the idea for a tablet screen obviously doesn't spend much time in the Copenhagen nightlife. It's going to become a game to see how they can be smashed while parked at the stations. You read it here first.

        In Denmark we have a new public transport travel card called Rejsekortet. A billion kroner was invested in a really crappy solution - similar to London's Oyster Card but just super crappy - in a country where smartphones and debit cards rule. The Oyster Card was used as the inspiration and now it looks like that billion kroner was a waste - travel cards like the Oyster may soon be obsolete. So why the tablet? Useless.

        The bicycles will also be equipped with an e-motor. First thought? Do we really want people unfamiliar with the city - or locals unfamiliar with e-motors - riding around the city at higher speeds? E-bikes are the new scooters. You don't want to be the new scooters, believe me. People flying along at 25 - 30 km/h in a city where the average speed is 16 km/h. This isn't going to end well. You can read about The E-Bike Sceptic right here on this blog. There's a very good reason that so many Chinese are banning e-bikes. It's called preventing injury and death.

        The design? Nothing special. Nothing visionary or innovative. Not an interesting symbol for the City of Copenhagen or the City of Cyclists. Clearly inspired by Dutch brand Van Moof.

        The cost? Over 600 cities around the world have bike share systems with bikes that cost around $800. These bikes will cost around $10,000. Seriously. Complete waste of money for an experiment, especially when you're playing with taxpayer financing. It's not surprising that Copenhagen City Council weren't big fans of the idea when they had to negotiate the budget. The original price that DSB wanted the City to pay was 114 million kroner ($20.7 million) but the politicians whittled that down to a token 40 million kroner ($7.2 million). The remainder went to infrastructure - something people actually need in Copenhagen.

        The cost of using one of these bikes? In most cities, the first 30 minutes on bike share bikes is free. These new bikes in Copenhagen will cost 20 kroner ($3.60) per hour.  25 kroner ($4.50) if you hit the switch to activate the e-motor. One person involved with the company admitted to us that, at 30 kg, the bikes are almost too heavy to cycle without the motor. You can also get a subscription that will cost you 70 kroner/month ($12.75), but still no free ride like on the rest of the planet.

        The saturation? 1260 bicycles in 60 stations. Not that impressive. Makes you wonder why the DSB didn't just adopt the Dutch OV Fiets system that the Dutch Railways have going on. An established, successful business model serving the Dutch for a decade so far. If you're incapable of doing anything interesting yourself, then at least copy from people who have experience.

        While we're on the topic, why not just get an established company who have done bike share in other cities to do the bike share system for you? Save time, money and minimize your risk of screwing up. Especially since we're in uncharted territory with putting in a bike share system in a city where everyone already owns bikes.

        Yeah, okay. I'm not a fan. Like Socrates said, "Necessity is the Mother of invention." I've ridden almost every bike share bike on the planet, in over 30 cities. There is stuff out there that works. Trying to reinvent the wheel with overcomplication isn't clever, isn't cool, isn't cost-efficient.

        What makes it worse for me, personally, is that I know that my secret desire for coolness, tradition and style married to functionality in a new Copenhagen bike share system actually exists. One of the designs shortlisted for the bid produced a bicycle that makes me swoon.

        So what bicycle did we almost get? Sigh. Here it is.

        Danish bike brand Velorbis teamed up with HomePort Bikesharing Solutions to produce the bike share bicycle above. They simply took the iconic Short John (delivery bike) and all its inherent tradition and historical relevance and made it into a bike share bicycle. A bicycle that was the backbone of bicycle deliveries in this city for over half a century.

        Here's another variation of their design. This is the bicycle I imagined when dreaming of a modern icon for our bicycle culture.

        They were shortlisted, so I'm assuming that all the tech-specs were in order if they made it that far. The solar panels are a nice touch.

        I'm not, however, going to bang on about the tech factors and all that. I just lament the fact that we were this close to getting a cool, iconic bicycle that salutes our bicycle history and culture and that still provided a modern bike share system for Danish cities.


        28 January 2013

        Free Copenhagen Trains on your Birthday

        Happy Birthday! Ride the trains for free!
        I just recieved a quite brilliant text message from Danish State Railways.

        "Congratulations with your birthday tomorrow!
        You can travel free in all zones on the S-train (the trains serving Greater Copenhagen) on your birthday. Just show your ID, your DSB loyalty card and this text message on the train."

        This is brilliant customer care. Free trains on your birthday! I'm stunned and pleased.

        More from DSB:
        This is how DSB markets their bicycle-friendliness in a mainstream bicycle culture

        This is back when they made it free to take your bicycle on the trains.

        This is their idea of having bicycle pumps on their trains.

        28 January 2011

        Wheelchairs on Danish Trains

        Wheelchair Friendly Train Wheelchair Friendly Train
        I headed west last week for a meeting with the Danish company Veks?, who produce urban furniture as well as the bicycle counters that featue in so many Danish cities, as well as international cities. There are 33 bicycle counters in 10 Danish cities alone.

        On the way to Fredericia - "Gateway to Jutland!" - the Intercity train stopped at a few stations, one of them being Middelfart. From my seat I watched three ladies in wheelchairs boarding the train.
        Wheelchair Friendly Train Wheelchair Friendly Train
        The conductor and a stationmaster worked quickly and efficiently to get each lady onto the lift, raise them to the level of the train and get them on board. This is a major route that connects east and west Denmark, there are timetables to be kept, and still Danish State Railways take the time to get three passengers with special needs on board. It was impressive to watch.

        In a perfect world the platforms would be level with the trains but there are different models of trains - regional and national - so this isn't possible. The regional trains I usually frequent are flush with the platforms making it easy to roll on roll off, whether its a bicycle or a pram or a wheelchair.
        Wheelchair Friendly Train
        Once on board, however, it's just a question of leaning back and enjoying the ride. Getting a bicycle on board the Intercity trains is, of course, easy.

        You just lift it.
        Danish Bicycle Culture *

        The town of Middelfart has a special place in our family's history. My dad served in the British army after the Second World War. One of 2000 soldiers who are now referred to as The Forgotten Army (link in Danish). Danish men were encouraged by the Danish government to help the British army, now that Europe was liberated. There was still war against Japan at the time and the British needed men to get back home to work in the coal mines and factories, hoping to replace them with foreign soldiers. Over 20,000 Danes signed up after liberation in 1945. When they were later called up, however, only 2000 or so actually went to do their duty. They were never decorated or recognised by the Danish government upon returning home.

        After my dad's tour of duty - which ended up being in Palestine protecting against Zionist terrorist guerillas - he returned to the UK, where he met my mum at a dance in Swindon. They ended up moving to Denmark. My mum was a prim and proper Wiltshire girl but fit in well in Denmark. This was the late 1940's and she had never uttered a dirty word in her life. On a trip to Copenhagen from Aalborg, the train stopped at Middelfart. My uncle saw the humour of the name and said to my mum, "Look, Barb! We're in MiddelFART!" My mother was shocked and embarassed at hearing such a word. She implored him to stop swearing. But my dad got in on the act, too. "We're not swearing. We're just telling you that this is MiddelFART... the town of MiddelFART"...

        My mother probably went into convulsions, never having heard such 'language' and certainly not repeated. My Dad and uncle were loving teasing her.

        Not a cracking, rolling in the aisles story in the big picture, but for our family, MiddelFART, plays its role in our storytelling.
        Global Warming Preventive Measures
        The question remains... do they have Fart Kontrol in Middelfart?

        23 December 2010

        Bicycle Pumps on Copenhagen Trains!

        Bikes Allowed
        Danish State Railways [DSB] have been doing some good things for bicycles this year. First they made it free to take your bicycle on the S-Trains serving Greater Copenhagen. Now it seems that people transporting their bicycles by train can exploit their travel time a little more effectively.

        DSB had a competition for customers where ideas for how to improve service were sent in. Four customers had the same idea and it was the idea that won.

        Placing bicycle pumps in the existing bicycle compartments.

        Not bad. Not bad at all.

        The pumps will be installed in the new year. In addition, DSB are doubling the capacity of the so-called flex compartments to allow for even more bicycle capacity.

        B+ Bike Meets Train. Falls in Love.
        At left: A bicycle/pram/wheelchair compartment on a Copenhagen S-train.
        At right: the flexible wheel holders hold the back wheel and allow for swaying movement.

        Copenhagen Bike Culture Advertising
        When DSB announced that bicycles were now free on S-trains, they put up this tunnel on N?rrebrogade - the busiest bicycle street in the world - to advertise the fact. Brochures were handed out to cyclists at the red light a bit farther along. Read more about this right here.

        Via: DSB's website: "Pump cyklen i S-toget"

        12 January 2010

        Bicycles Free on Trains in 2010

        Transport Integration
        It was announced today that Danish State Railways [DSB] will allow bicycles to travel free on the red S-trains that serve Greater Copenhagen and suburbs. It is a test period that starts this Friday and that will last for the rest of the year. DSB hope to make everyday journeys easier for Copenhageners and encourage more people to use their bicycle.

        Bike Clip Card
        It normally only costs 12 kroner [$2.25] for a bicycle ticket - even less if you buy a ten trip card, as above, but completing removing the need for a ticket will encourage many more people to combine train and bike on their daily journey.

        All the rules about taking your bicycle on the S-Train still apply, it's just free now.

        The S-trains have about 7.5 million passengers a month.

        Bike Meets Train. Falls in Love.
        DSB is not concerned about the increase in bicycles in the specially designed bike/pram/wheelchair compartments.

        "We have personnel on board to help people move around and rearrange so there is space for everyone. We are very confident that there will be room for all", said Niklas Marschall from DSB S-train.

        It remains to be seen if the Copenhagen Metro will follow suit. A propos nothing, they have a cool web address: www.m.dk. I love the single-letter web addresses.

        All in all, Copenhagenize is thrilled about this new initiative from DSB.


        In other public transport related news, a survey of prices for monthly travel cards in Europe shows that Copenhagen has the third cheapest travel cards for public transport, if you measure it in kilometres travelled. Only Helsinki and Brussels are cheaper.

        This press release is a bit more vague. There is constant criticism of ticket prices being too high in Copenhagen. It costs 21 kroner [$4.20] for a single journey and while it is only 13 kroner [$2.50] if you buy a ten trip card, the price is much higher than many other European cities, even when you adjust for our higher standard of living.

        This 'per kilometre' yardstick sounds like spin. Kind of like the 'driving a car is safer 'per kilometre...' statistic that the car industry is so fond of. Which would make space travel the safest form of transport, even though 5% of all people who have been in space were killed, and that doesn't include an even greater number of ground crew.

        Anyway, Copenhagen has the third-largest urban sprawl in Europe so here's me assuming that public transport users will often travel longer compared to other cities. Which kind of takes the shine off the report.

        Cheaper public transport, please.

        For more bits on Bikes on Trains here on Copenhagenize click here.

        Source for DSB's free bikes on trains.

        08 August 2008

        Bikes on Trains

        One of our readers asked a very good question. How many bikes actually go on the local Copenhagen train network? A quick call to the DSB - Danske Statsbaner - and I got the answer.
        Bike. Escalator. Tag.
        The local trains in Copenhagen are called the S-trains. Like the red one below. They serve Copenhagen and connect the city with the distant suburbs. We're not including the stats for the Metro and we didn't bother with the stats for the Regional/National trains here - the site is Copenhagenize, not Denmarkize.
        Bikes Allowed
        In 2007, there were 1,845,669 bicycles transported by S-train in Copenhagen and environs.

        In 2007 there were 88 million passengers on the same trains. So the cycle number is impressive, but it is only a small percentage of the total trips. That's simply because most people either ride their bikes where they need to go or they ride to their local station and park before getting on the train.

        I only use the 'bike on train' option if I have to get out to the suburbs for a meeting or if our little family goes for a bike ride in a park north of Copenhagen.

        Mobiky Moods